Also touted as turbo diesel or diesel turbo (automotive), all those terms means turbo charge mounted with a turbocharger. A diesel engine can produce abundant power output and it is usually restricted due to various reasons. This is where the diesel engine clubbed with turbocharger comes into play. The additional component enhances the performance of a diesel engine.
A diesel turbo engine produces greater output than usual naturally aspirated diesel engine, thus, it is used across various brands and models in order to achieve more output with the same quantity of the fuel.
Who invented Diesel Turbo Engines?
The diesel turbo (automotive) engine was invented by Alfred Buchi in the early 20th century. He worked at Gebruder Sulzer engine manufacturing plant as a diesel engine research.
- After doing sufficient research, he invented the turbocharger which would mount on a diesel engine and produced higher output.
- The first patent for this additional component was submitted in 1905 after which, the first car to hose the turbocharger with a diesel engine was unveiled in 1922. It has been more than a century and still we are using diesel turbo engines in order to curb more output.
How does a Turbocharger work?
As aforementioned, a diesel turbo engine or turbocharger mounted with a diesel engine hikes the proportion of air and fuel mixture which typically increases the output of the engine. A turbocharger has various components responsible to do their tasks as directed. The compressor is the first component which sucks in the air from the ambiance and then, takes it to the intake manifold where the air pressure is increased.
- Now, a greater proportional mass of air enters the cylinder and under each intake stroke which is then mixed with the fuel and then the piston is propelled to stroke the depth of the cylinder thus causing a blast of power which is then directed to the axel via transmission and then to the wheel where the output is altered into rotational moment.
- A turbocharger can further enhance the power output by feeding in the exhaust gases back to the engine which increased the output as well as fuel efficiency. The energy which is wasted by the exhaust is the reason by naturally aspirated engines are slower than the one with turbocharging since the latter feeds in to produce more even from the energy released via the exhaust.
Supercharger exceeds Turbocharges
In comparison to Turbochargers, Superchargers are more powerful since it utilized more fuel to produce the required output. Superchargers used an increased degree of the duel which is then mixed with increased air pressure that is burnt thus producing abundant power capable of taking the cars from 0 to 100 mph in seconds.
Everything You Need to Know About Diesel Turbo Automotive Engine
- Components: A diesel turbo engine has key components namely turbine, compressor, center housing. The turbines usually pump the air into the compressor which is then taken towards the intake manifold and then crankshaft and the cylinder and so on.
- Twin-Turbo: If a single turbocharger isn’t enough, you can choose the twin-turbo engine option which is arranged in parallel or in sequence. The twin-turbo engine works on the same principle as the single turbocharger, however, both types of different features and limitation.
- The First Car To Sport A Turbocharger: The first car to include a turbocharger was the Mercedes 300SD (1978) after which, turbochargers have been included in many diesel and petrol powered cars.
Now you can find the diesel turbo engine in many cars and if you face any starting problem your car then you have to repair the turbo system.